Peace and security facing limitations and dangers of new technology OR Security of children in conflict situations
For this year’s UNSC we propose two broad themes. Chairs will be able to choose one of them and position the topic appropriately to the chosen theme.
The first topic directly relates to the phenomenon that is characteristic of new generations. Technology started to rule not only the lives of individuals but also the way relationships form in society, as well as how policies are made. Technology and information systems have allowed new national and international experiments and operations that have also created new international conflicts. Artificial intelligence can therefore be understood as a viable strategy in conflict, but is also not problem free, raising new questions such as ones about accountability.
The Security Council has already discussed the pros and cons of new digital technologies. Our question is how new generations understand the whole phenomenon. If they have accepted technology as their way of life, will they understand its risks and challenges? How will they address it?
The second topic addresses the problematic of children in conflict situations. The problem is not new, as in 1996, the council created a mandate of Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict. But even today conflicts remain and still leave many vulnerable children behind. It is estimated today that 1 in 6 children, 426 million, live in conflict zones around the world. Children are the new generation, the focal point of the SALIENT 2023 conference. Therefore, we ask how much diplomacy and politics (can) affect the position of children in conflict zones. How can their position be secured more?
The Crisis in Afghanistan: Protecting the Future of Younger Generations
With more than a dozen armed conflicts, only in the 20th century, the nation of Afghanistan has been accustomed to the consequences of war. The destabilizing and destructionist nature of the matter has made younger generations prone to feeling distraught and isolated from the rest of the world. Stemming from the brinks of war, one of the main purposes of the United Nations, as stated in its preamble, is "to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war (...)" and "to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights (...)". Ergo, making it the essential task of the United Nations to gurantee and maintain peace inside the International community. More recent developments, such as the extension of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), until 17 March 2024, emphasize the need of special attention and careful planning of new security policies in the area. It is time to highlight further the importance of the younger generations and their security by helping those to return to a more stable civilian life.